30 Aug 5G – Next Generation Network
5G is the fifth generation of mobile networks and wireless systems, setting the next standard of wireless technologies beyond 4G.
The “G” in 3G and 4G stands for “generation.” Although ITU, the United Nation’s “specialized agency for information and communication technologies,” states that no standard has yet been agreed on for 5G, PCMag has listed a number of factors that should define the network standard. These factors include faster data speeds, greater capacity, better coverage and signaling, much lower latency, and significantly enhanced spectral efficiency.
The technology needed for this next generation network will operate in the millimeter wave spectrum, the high-frequency band of the wireless spectrum between 30 GHz and 300 GHz. These waves travel much faster than the lower-frequency waves used in 4G networks, but not as far or as well through walls or obstacles. Providers will have to use many more antennas to guarantee coverage. Some carriers are also looking at using the very low-frequency end of the spectrum as a supplement, and may also test the transmission of data over the frequencies currently used for Wi-Fi and may be able to offer sufficient speed and coverage to replace home Wi-Fi as a fixed wireless product.
For wireless technology and increasing the use of smart devices, 5G may provide the lower latency needed to enable driverless vehicles. While many auto manufacturers want to offer a personalized driving experience, IBM states that “fully autonomous vehicles may not be commonplace until 2025. An additional bonus for consumers is that it will increase the response times needed for a superior gaming experience.
5G will also be a key component in making smart cities a reality.
When will we get 5G?
The U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) approved the spectrum last year, and carriers and technology companies have been preparing for the new generation. Chipsets for 5G capabilities are being built by Ericsson and Qualcomm. So far, Verizon has already begun its trials and plans to roll out commercial 5G this year.
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