What Is the Fiber Optical Lines Map?

fiber optical lines mapOur planet has a hidden fiber optical lines map that links the world wide web and makes everything we use the internet for possible…

For decades, long-distance communication efforts relied on traveling via electrical cables. The data transmission would take a long time and would result in missing power and data. Until the late 20th century, when Nippon Telegraph and Telephone (NTT) Corporation made the idea of the future fiber optical lines map a possibility.

One Petabit

The Corporation NTT was able to transmit one petabit per second across an optical fiber cable at Denmark University. The Japanese and Danish researchers working on the project had set a world record “for the transmission distance of one Pbit/s capacity over a single strand of optical fiber within a single optical amplifier bandwidth (C-band).” A petabit could hold 5,000 HD videos or two hours in just one second. The distance traveled in that second was approximately the distance between Europe and Japan. This groundbreaking record opened a whole new realm of possibilities for communication, but how did it work?

How It Works

In 1960 Dr. Charles Kao, or the Father of Fiber Optics, discovered certain physical properties of glass. He realized by gathering various fibers of glass that were purified and manufactured properly they could carry huge amounts of data over vast distances. They were able to do this with a known phenomenon called Total Internal Reflection.

When light travels through glass or water it naturally bends. When the light travels at a deep or steep angle then hits a surface, it refracts or bends and exits out into the air. However, if the light hits at a shallow angle it can bounce along inside of the glass fiber. In other words, glass can be melted down and bent into strands or fibers and these strands are capable of carrying pulses of light.

This traveling of light compared to radio signals and electrical signals allow for extremely less power and data to be lost, making fiber optical signals superior. The information traveling within optical fiber does not degrade much over great distances and allows for more efficient communication.

Today, one single strand of glass fiber is responsible for multiple channels of data or wavelengths of light, and each fiber optical cable houses hundreds of strands of these fibers, and this is multiplied by millions of cables across the entire fiber optical network.

The Fiber Optical Lines Map Worldwide

Over a million kilometers of cable crisscross our ocean floors to link continents.” These undersea cables are also known as submarine cables and are responsible for most of the intercontinental connectivity. These fiber optical lines do not just run across our oceans they are also located in the ground and above ground across the land. This fiber is located near on in buildings, known as fiber lit buildings.

Everything we do on the internet relies on the fiber optical lines map and its network, from playing a video game to watching your favorite Netflix show. All this traveling data is housed in giant data centers all across the world. The entire fiber optical lines map is a worldwide project that has connected the human race in ways that were once unimaginable.

If you would like more than to just imagine the fiber optical lines map, contact GeoTel Communications today and gain access to the largest, most accurate databases available.


Author: Valerie Stephen